Detached Dwellings Fall Away for Terraces and Apartments
This was always going to happen as a City matures and the market provides for what people want rather than what politicians and NIMBY’s want. That is the allowance for terraced housing and apartments to be built especially in or close to Centres and major transport routes.
Half of all new Auckland houses will be ”attached” as the city densifies: RCG
Auckland is getting denser, with more than half of new housing next year expected to be built with shared walls.
Rising house prices, an aging population, shrinking household sizes and record migration, were seen as the four key drivers behind the trend.
“We’re in the early days of a shift which will transform Auckland; as new housing is increasingly made up of apartments and terraces,” RCG economist John Polkinghorne said.
“Based on building consent data and our own forecasts, 53 per cent of the new homes built in Auckland will be attached by 2017. This is a considerable shift from the average of the last 20 years, which has been closer to 35 per cent.”
Bill McKay, of Auckland University’s school of architect and planning, said density was not new to Auckland, as many state houses in the 1940s had been attached to each other.
“People think of the typical state house standing alone but a lot of them were duplexs, probably about a fifth, and then there were a whole cluster of three or four-bedroom, two storey things. And then there were a whole bunch of apartment buildings built throughout the country as well.
“We also had a bit of an apartment boom between the wars in New Zealand as well, so density’s nothing new and in my opinion, nothing to be scared of, as long as it’s quality. And that’s the crucial thing.”
McKay said duplexs were quite pleasant because they had three sides for windows instead of the two-sided terraced house.
However, denser housing fell out of favour in the 60s and 70s as families become more affluent and housing become influenced by the US and particularly Californian range-style dwelling.
RCG’s Polkinghorne said Auckland’s return to density was a trend being mirrored in Australia.
“Demand for medium density living is booming here. In Australia’s three largest cities at least 60 per cent of new homes are attached.”
The five areas most affected by increased density in Auckland would be the CBD, Stonefields, Albany, the Western CBD and the Southern CBD fringe, RCG said.
We still pay the price for following what America did in the 60’s and 70’s with large amounts of single detached dwelling sprawl and motorways in place of public transport. While the US is turning its back on that situation it seems Auckland and some in both Auckland and Wellington think mimicking American in that time-frame is the best thing since sliced bread and continue to push for them (detached housing especially on the Isthmus, and motorways).
None-the-less apartments and terraced housing can only occur in the following zones:
- Mixed Housing Urban (up to three storeys)
- Terraced Housing and Apartments (up to five storeys unless an Additional Height Control overlays applies then you can get 7)
- All Centres Zones (Neighbourhood, Local, Town, Metropolitan and City Centre) – height restrictions apply to all but City Centre
- Mixed Use Zone
Where the zones go though is still be worked through with the Rezoning topic of the Unitary Plan Hearings continuing until end of April.