Southern Auckland big winner in getting Auckland moving
Today’s a big milestone on the road to getting Auckland a modern transport system. Thank you to all those who did the hard yards, who developed the ideas and the policies, and campaigned for them.
— Phil Twyford (@PhilTwyford) April 26, 2018
Today, alongside Hon @PhilTwyford, I announced a $28 billion investment in our transport network to get Auckland moving.
Our ten-year plan balances the need to deal with our region’s immediate and pressing transport needs, as well as being transformational for the future. pic.twitter.com/DxT9n1ihcT
— Phil Goff (@phil_goff) April 26, 2018
Yesterday Minister of Transport Phil Twyford and Auckland Mayor Phil Goff launched the refreshed Auckland Transport Alignment Project at Newmarket Station.
I will cover the ATAP in-depth next week but below is some information on what the ATAP means for Auckland:
$28 billion to improve Auckland’s transport
“Together, we will invest $28 billion over the next decade to unlock Auckland’s potential. We will be building vital projects including light rail, Penlink and Mill Road, heavy rail and bus upgrades, safety improvements, and more dedicated cycle lanes,” says Phil Twyford.
“These much-needed investments are made possible by a $4.4 billion funding boost resulting from the Auckland fuel tax, reprioritisation of the National Land Transport Fund, and Crown Infrastructure Partners contributions.
“This plan is funded to deliver the projects we are committed to. The previous ATAP report, released by former Transport Minister Simon Bridges in August 2017, had a $5.9 billion funding gap. National had no plan to fix that fiscal hole, which would have meant the projects they promised couldn’t have been delivered.”
“This $28 billion plan will help ease the awful congestion that has been caused by a decade of under-investment.”
“We will create a congestion-free network in light rail and boost other alternatives to driving to help free up the roads and enable growth, and improve safety for drivers and others,” says Phil Twyford.
Project will transform Auckland: Mayor
Mayor Phil Goff said, “ATAP balances the need to deal with Auckland’s immediate and pressing transport needs, as well as being transformational for the future.
“ATAP reflects the need for efficient roading for green and brownfield housing development, new transport corridors and major arterial routes. But as Auckland grows we need to move from a focus on roading to a more balanced approach that promotes public transport and active transport networks.
“Auckland has to contribute its share and the regional fuel tax allows us to do that. The more than $4 billion expenditure it unlocks is critically important to progressing a better transport system for Auckland.
“To raise the same sum from rates would result in a total rate increase of over 13 per cent this year. Alternatively, to do nothing would see Auckland become increasingly gridlocked.”
New revenues streams critical
“New forms of revenue such as an RFT to invest in our transport network and light rail to supplement buses, ferries and heavy rail are critical for an efficient and effective Auckland transport system. Auckland’s growth means additional investment in these areas is vital for us to tackle congestion problems.
“ATAP represents a significant increase in investment in our transport network, but we still need to find innovative ways to fund further development such as PPPs, special purpose vehicles or infrastructure bonds,” Phil Goff says.
ATAP includes $1.8 billion in funding for light rail. A work programme is underway to leverage sources of investment capital outside of ATAP for the City to Airport and North-Western lines, and an announcement will be made soon.
Under ATAP, Auckland will is expected to receive 38 per cent of the National Land Transport Fund over the next decade, proportionate with the region’s share of New Zealand’s population. However, Mayor Phil Goff says that still falls short of Auckland’s projected 55 per cent share of the country’s population growth over the next decade.
ATAP major investments include:
- Committed projects like the City Rail Link and northern motorway improvements.
- Light rail
- Eastern busway (Panmure-Botany)
- Airport-Puhinui State highway upgrade, including a high quality public transport link to an upgraded Puhinui rail station
- Bus priority programme, to more rapidly grow Auckland’s bus lane network and support faster, more reliable and more efficient bus services
- Albany-Silverdale bus improvements
- Lower cost East West Link to address key freight issues in the area
- Papakura-Drury motorway widening
- First phase of the Mill Road corridor
- Penlink (tolled)
- Walking and cycling programme to expand the network and complete key connections (e.g. SkyPath)
- Significant programme of safety improvements
- New transport infrastructure to enable greenfield growth
- Network optimisation and technology programme to make the best use of our existing network
- Rail network improvements including electrification to Pukekohe, additional trains and other track upgrades.
Find out more
Source: Our Auckland via Auckland Council
And in regards to the fuel tax:
Transport projects to be funded by a proposed Regional Fuel Tax (RFT) will be considered by Auckland councillors next week.
Auckland Mayor Phil Goff says that an additional $4.3 billion could be available to fund projects which would not be possible without the RFT.
Mayor Goff said, “The RFT is expected to raise around $1.5 billion directly over the next decade, but will be leveraged by the development contributions it makes possible and subsidies from the National Land Transport Fund to allow a much higher level of investment.
Fuel tax a fairer option: Mayor
“To raise the equivalent amount of money we would have to strike a rate increase this year of 13 per cent to 14 per cent. A 10 cents a litre plus GST charge on fuel is fairer with payments related to how much we use our transport system,” Goff said.
“Without the RFT, Auckland would be able to do little more than fund the operation and renewal of the existing system and projects which have already been committed to.
“That would leave congestion caused by Auckland’s annual growth in population of 45,000 a year to get much worse, causing growing frustration at increasing gridlock and imposing billions of dollars of lost productivity costs on New Zealand’s economy.
Auckland to meet share of investment
“Aucklanders are expecting the government to meet its fair share, reflecting the taxes paid by Auckland, but we know we have to meet a fair share of the costs ourselves. We are not expecting to be subsidised by the rest of New Zealand.
“With 52 per cent of Aucklanders polled by Colmar Brunton in favour of the RFT, and 43 per cent against, most Aucklanders acknowledge the reality that we have to help pay to tackle the congestion problem.
“The expenditure made possible by the RFT will meet the cost of transport infrastructure across all forms of transport, benefiting the entire Auckland region,” Phil Goff said.
“It will raise the capacity and accessibility of public transport with major investment in improving bus services and bring forward busway construction in East Auckland from Panmure to Botany.
“It will create bus priority lanes and strengthen bus infrastructure in the central city. Access to the airport will be improved and more park and rides will be built.
“Downtown ferry services will be redeveloped for all those people who use the facilities from all over the city and more electric trains will be purchased and facilities built to house them.
“Safety improvements will be made to our rural and urban roads to tackle the huge growth in serious injuries and deaths on our roads in the last five years.”
“Cycleways and walkways will get a major boost to promote safe, healthy and environmentally friendly active modes of transportation.
“Major roading programmes like Mill Road and Penlink will commence and road corridor improvements will be made to a variety of routes including Lincoln Road, the Matakana Link Road and Glenvar Road.
“Road sealing will be extended in particular to the Rodney region while capacity improvements will be made to existing networks and infrastructure created to allow new brown and greenfield housing developments.
“The council’s governing body will vote on the proposals next week to go out to Aucklanders for consultation before Council votes on the Regional Fuel Tax on 31 May,” Phil Goff said.
Find out more
Read the full list of proposed projects to receive funding from the Regional Fuel Tax.
Source: Our Auckland via Auckland Council
What does the South get?
- Puhinui to Airport Rapid Transit allowing Papakura to Airport 35mins and then out to Botany in time
- Third Main to untangle freight trains and passenger trains
- Pukekohe electrification
- Motorway to Drury widened
- Mill road gets the safety upgrades it so needs at the northern end while southern end gets a new interchange that is the first step in relieving trucks from some of our urban roads. The widening of the motorway at Drury and the new interchange will also allow Pukekohe Electrification to happen as the road bridges there need to be lifted
- Eastern Busway from Panmure to Botany Busway – this will eventually connect to the full Southern Airport Line (Botany to Airport Rapid Transit)
The ATAP as of 2018
What the fuel tax will pay for
Finally some Urban Geography from page 39 of the ATAP:
Enabling and supporting Auckland’s growth
Transport and growth are inextricably linked. Transport investment is essential to enabling urbanisation of greenfield areas and encouraging redevelopment of existing urban areas. Similarly, where and when growth occurs will impact on the location of future travel demand and the investment required to meet that demand.
Growth around rapid transit
Auckland’s transport history has shaped the city’s growth over time, initially through trams in the early 20th century and then through motorways after the Second World War. More recently, redevelopment to higher densities has often been focused around rail stations and key bus corridors. This mirrors what has happened in a number of successful cities around the world, which have used rapid transit to shape their urban form over recent decades.
Given the large scale of investment required to deliver build and operate high quality rapid transit corridors, it is critical to support this investment through supportive land-use policies that enable and support substantial growth around these corridors.
To help understand the scale of potential growth in areas within reasonable walking distance of the City-Airport, Airport-Botany and Northwest rapid transit corridors, we undertook a high level
analysis of their existing Auckland Unitary Plan capacity as well as an initial consideration of possible interventions to both realise this existing capacity and potentially increase the capacity further.
The key finding of this work was confirmation of substantial capacity that exists under the current Unitary Plan in residential, business mixed use and centre zones along these
Growth in City-Airport, Airport-Botany & Northwest corridors
Current number of dwellings: 107,600
Assumed dwelling growth in transport model over next 30 years: 124,000
Capacity for extra dwellings in Unitary Plan: 531,000
ATAP has used Auckland Council growth projections which already assume the number of homes within walking distance of these rapid transit corridors to more than double over the next 30 years. Within current Unitary Plan provisions a much greater amount of growth is possible – with up to 531,000 more dwellings. Further rezoning or master planning of key strategic areas could increase these figures further, but the main intervention to unlock growth in these rapid transit corridors will be to realise capacity that already exists.
Beyond these three corridors, there are also opportunities around most stations on the rapid transit network for development – particularly along the Western railway line.
Fully unlocking housing and urban growth opportunities will require more interventions than just changing Unitary Plan provisions. The Government and Council have both taken more active roles in urban development in recent years and this process will need to continue and accelerate to truly unlock the benefits of large-scale investment in rapid transit.
Supporting greenfield growth
The ATAP Package helps to unlock funding that will enable around 30,000 more homes to be built over the next decade in major greenfield growth areas to the north, northwest and south. Major Growth Area Projected Growth
Warkworth: 1,000 more homes
Silverdale/Dairy Flat: 6,000 more homes
Northwest: 13,600 more homes
South: 11,300 more homes
These investments will also seek to provide each area with
And some population stuff:
Central Auckland will be taking 29% of all growth over the next ten years with South Auckland taking 30%. It also seems confirmed that the South is now the largest sub region and the fastest growing sub region as well. This should be fun in getting the spatial planning done correctly for a rapidly growing area.
Anyway full analysis on Monday